(work in progress)
Participating in OpenRoaming as an ANP means
a) adding a number of Passpoint Roaming Consortium Organization Identifiers (RCOIs) in the beacons of the Wi-Fi network and
b) to have an uplink into the OpenRoaming RADIUS infrastructure.
In order to signal that eduroam users are welcome, a set of these RCOIs can be used. Below are two common choices. Note that the SSID for the network is then arbitrary but SHOULD NOT be "eduroam" as there are known side-effects on supplicants when the network configuration matches both by SSID and by RCOI.
The configuration snippets that enable OpenRoaming with the "OpenRoaming All" and an uplink to the eduroam OT proxy are on this separate page.
Hotspots which want to become eduroam SPs but cannot use the SSID "eduroam" should use the eduroam Roaming Consortium Organisation Identifier (RCOI)
00-1B-C5-04-60 [configured in end-user device to be displayed as: "eduroam® Hitchhiker" (name provisional)]
to indicate that their Passpoint network is willing to accept eduroam guests.
For the actual request routing, there are three possible ways:
1a) is currently the most viable option.
There are currently no plans to move away from using the SSID "eduroam" as the single user-facing identifier for hotspots operated directly by an eduroam participating organisation.
If this ever changes, the Roaming Consortium Organisation Identifier 00-1B-C5-04-6F [configured in end-user device to be displayed as: "eduroam®"] is reserved for that purpose. It is configured in some supplicants but not expected to be emitted by any SP which has an SSID "eduroam" at this point. However, eduroam SPs which deploy a separate onboarding SSID can benefit from the Online Sign-Up capabilities in Passpoint R2 and above. They should configure their eduroam SSID to emit the OSU (Online Sign-Up) portions of Passpoint and configure the OSU server URL as defined below as the target server for Online Sign-Up. Their onboarding SSID must then allow access for end-users to that URL and to eduroam CAT.
eduroam Identity Providers interested in letting their users authenticate in a third-party roaming scenario may need to implement some elements of the eduroam Service Definition which are typically only optional.
In particular, for participation in OpenRoaming, the following is REQUIRED:
The DNS zone for the Identity Provider's realm name must include a NAPTR record for their realm pointing to an eduroam OpenRoaming interchange proxy. The example below targets the general-purpose proxy operated by eduroam OT; the target host may be different for eduroam NROs who operate their own proxy:
realm.name. 43200 IN NAPTR 100 10 "s" "aaa+auth:radius.tls.tcp" "" _radsec._tcp.openroaming.eduroam.org.
When your user is actually roaming with OpenRoaming, this is visible is the RADIUS datagrams due to the RADIUS Attribute
Operator-Name = 4<string>
where the string is the WBA Identifier of the organisation that operates the hotspot.
Starting with version 2.0.3, the eduroam onboarding toolset (eduroam CAT and eduroam Managed IdP) automatically inject network definitions based on the eduroam Roaming Consortium Organisation identifiers (RCOI) on all platforms where this is possible. The platforms and their respective caveats are listed below.
In general, the Passpoint configuration configures two eduroam RCOIs:
00-1B-C5-04-60 [Display Name "eduroam® Hitchhiker" (name provisional)]
00-1B-C5-04-6F [Display Name "eduroam®"]
The latter one is reserved for a distance-future use, in case eduroam would go fully Passpoint and give up on SSID-based configurations throughout all SPs world-wide. The RCOI would then signify eduroam self-operated hotspots with this "home" display name.
To allow your users to connect also to OpenRoaming hotspots (under the OpenRoaming End-User Terms and Conditions), firstly make sure that your users acknowledge the OpenRoaming End-User Terms and Conditions. Then configure the following six RCOIs additionally:
5A-03-BA-00-00, 5A-03-BA-10-00, 5A-03-BA-20-00 (a.k.a. "OpenRoaming for All Identities, settlement-free, no personal data requested, baseline/silver/gold QoS) - usage of the hotspot is governed by the OpenRoaming End-User Terms and Conditions
5A-03-BA-08-00, 5A-03-BA-18-00, 5A-03-BA-28-00 (a.k.a. "OpenRoaming for Educational or Research Identities, settlement-free, no personal data requested, baseline/silver/gold QoS) - usage of the hotspot is governed by the OpenRoaming End-User Terms and Conditions
These platforms are not configured for Passpoint.
Both for eduroam CAT and eduroam Managed IdP, the SSID-based and the Passpoint profile are installed in sequence. The SSID based configuration always succeeds. Installation of the Passpoint profile may fail if the chipset and driver on the machine does not support Passpoint. Such failures are silently ignored; no user inconvenience.
As of October 2019, there are field reports that some 10-20% of devices which do claim Passpoint support and which will be configured with Passpoint do not actually work post-config. These failures are occuring for all Passpoint configurations, i.e. are independent of eduroam; but they also do not cause any harm to the end user - the authentication and connection to Passpoint networks is simply not possible then. Up-to-date drivers are reported to help in such situations.
For eduroam Managed IdP, Passpoint-based profiles are always installed alongside the SSID-based ones. This is expected to work throughout the product palette of Apple, and with no additional user interaction.
For eduroam CAT, Passpoint configuration is only installed if the IdP's chosen EAP type is "EAP-TLS" as this EAP type does not trigger multiple prompts for usernames and passwords. For all password-based EAP methods, only the SSID-based configuration is pushed to the device. Apple personnel is aware of the annoyance of multiple username/password prompts and installation of Passpoint configurations alongside SSID-based ones will be enabled as soon as the situation ameliorates.
The eduroam CAT app needs an update to support configuring Passpoint networks.
(The built-in method of Passpoint R1 provisioning as described in AOSP: Wi-Fi Passpoint R1) is not generally usable as the installation of new, dedicated Wi-Fi root CAs is prohibited by Android API.)
eduroam currently operates a beta-quality central interchange point with OpenRoaming. Third-party SPs find it automatically by looking up NAPTR records in DNS for aaa+auth for the respective realm. Identity Providers need to configure a NAPTR record, see above.
eduroam plans to operate an OSU server which directs unprovisioned end-users to the eduroam CAT toolset. The provisional URL for this server is
GeGC to decide on terms and conditions for letting random SPs serve eduroam users.
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